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Low Complexity CacheAided Communication Schemes for Distributed Data Storage and Distributed ComputingAuthor: Vaishya Abhinav Rajeshkumar 2018121003 Date: 20230622 Report no: IIIT/TH/2023/72 Advisor:Prasad Krishnan AbstractDistributed data analytics engines are designed to process and analyze large data sets in a distributed environment. The architecture of these engines is based on two key components: a distributed file system and a distributed computing framework. In this thesis, we consider the following two problems, coded data rebalancing in distributed file systems and coded distributed computing. For the data rebalancing problem, we consider replicationbased distributed storage systems in which each node stores the same quantum of data and each data bit stored has the same replication factor across the nodes. Such systems are referred to as balanced distributed databases. When existing nodes leave or new nodes are added to this system, the balanced nature of the database is lost, either due to the reduction in the replication factor, or the nonuniformity of the storage at the nodes. This triggers a rebalancing algorithm, that exchanges data between the nodes so that the balance of the database is reinstated. The goal is then to design rebalancing schemes with minimal communication load. In a recent work [1] by Krishnan et al., coded transmissions were used to rebalance a carefully designed distributed database from a node removal or addition. These coded rebalancing schemes have optimal communication load, however, require the filesize to be at least exponential in the system parameters. In this work, we consider a cyclic balanced database (where data is cyclically placed in the system nodes) and present coded rebalancing schemes for node removal and addition in such a database. These databases (and the associated rebalancing schemes) require the filesize to be only cubic in the number of nodes in the system. We bound the advantage of our node removal rebalancing scheme over the uncoded scheme, and show that our scheme has a smaller communication load. In the node addition scenario, the rebalancing scheme presented is a simple uncoded scheme, which we show has optimal load. For the distributed computing problem, we consider the widely popular MapReduce distributed computing framework, which consists of three phases, namely Map, Shuffle, and Reduce. In previous works by Li et al. [2, 3], an optimal coded distributed computing scheme has been presented. This optimal scheme however requires very high file complexity, i.e., exponential in the number of servers K. To address this issue, low complexity distributed computing schemes using binary matrices derived from combinatorial designs have been presented in [4, 5]. In our work, we use similar principles to construct a distributed computing scheme via subspace designs, the qanalogs of combinatorial designs. While the scheme requires low file complexity, it has a higher communication load, when compared to the optimal scheme with equivalent parameters. Also, it is primarily useful for large local storage scenarios. Moreover, we also provide numerical comparisons with some existing baseline schemes. Full thesis: pdf Centre for Others 

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